Ramadan is the ninth month according to Hijri calendar, in which Muslims abstain themselves from eating and drinking from dawn to dusk. Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam, which is necessary for every adult and healthy Muslim, as it brings Muslim closer to Allah SWT. It is mentioned in Quran that fasting was compulsory on your forbearers so that you will become pious. Allah SWT says,
"O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint". (Verse: 183, Surah e Al-Baqara).
So it is quite evident that we (Muslims) fast in the month of Ramadan is because it is the order of Allah, The Almighty, moreover it will make us pious and will raise our ranks saintly.
Let's delve into the meaning of word Ramadan, in order to find its true spirit. The word Ramadan is an Arabic word for 'Ramada' which means 'to be hot'. It is believed by Muslims that Ramadan burns the sins of the Muslims, and Muslims turns towards Allah SWT with more dedication by performing good deeds.
The lunar reckoning of the Hijri calendar brings the Ramadan ten to eleven days earlier every year, eventually causing Ramadan to happen in any time of the year, be it cold days or hot days. Debate commenced when Muslims have to observe Ramadan during hot summer days, during long heated up and frustrated days, that even if it is recommended to abstain yourself from drinking water or taking enough fluids. In a recent online report, German and English doctors (non- believers) are urging Muslim parents not to have their kids to observe fast during this Holy month of Ramadan.
However, they (non-believers) don't have any idea how natural is this religion. Islam never puts a burden on any soul more than it can bear. There are certain rules and regulations for fasting in Islam, such as Islam doesn't bound young and innocent children under age of twelve to fast. Same way who is traveling or feeling unwell, women who menstruate or breastfeed their kids, weaker and older people are unbound to fast, and they can give 'fidyah' or complete their fasts when turn healthy by the grace of Allah SWT. As it is said in Quran,
"Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Quran, as a guide to mankind, also clear (signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). so every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if anyone is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later. Allah h intends every facility for you; He doesn't want to put to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you, and perchance ye shall be grateful".
It is said that good deed done in Ramadan will result in the multiplication of the usual reward for the same deed done in normal days. That's the reason that charity gets double in this month, and we are also ordered to pay our 'Zakat' during this Holy month so that those who are underprivileged can also get the benefit of this sacred month.
We should make sure to full fill all requirements for this month, and be less judgmental of other people. The revelation of Quran during this month demands us to recite and understand Quran at least once in order to raise our ranks and get closer to our Creator. May Allah SWT help us to observe this Ramadan with religious faith and fervor. Ameen